Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir
As told by the stately companion Jabir son of Abdullah Al-Ansary; Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him and his progeny said: “You are to meet a son of mine who is a son of Hussain (peace be upon him); he was named his name because he unraveled knowledge in a splitting manner, if you see him send him my greetings.”
Imam Muhammed Al-Baqir is the fifth in rank from the twelve imams.His birth took place in the city of Medinah on the first of Rajab 75 A.H 676 A.D and his martyrdom was on the 7th of Thulhija 311 A.H 733 A.D at approximately the age of 57 ; his immate lasted for 18 years. He is the son and successor of his father imam Zain Al-Abideen (peace be upon them). His mother is Lady Fatima, daughter of Imam Hassan (peace be upon them), she is most commonly known as mother of Abdullah. His children were imam Ja’afar Al-Sadiq, Ibrahim, umsalma and Abeed Allah whom passed at a young age. Imam Muhammed Al-Baqir lived for four years with his grandfather imam Hussain and 39 with his father Imam Zain Al-Abdeen.
Imam Al-Baqir’s Imamate is proven to be true for his name was displayed on the tablet which contained the names of all the12 imams. It was brought by the Angel Gabriel from the heavens and passed from prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him and his progeny), to his daughter lady Fatima Al-Zahra (peace be upon her).Imam Al-Baqir took upon the high end manners of his father and great grandfathers which embodied perfection. He was most known for his patience, generosity, loyal worshiping to God and his prayer which is filled with reverence, subordination and tears all for the love of God and longing to meet him.
But the thing he was most known for was his deep knowledge which was inherited from his holy grandfathers, and the great amount of it which he spread and taught to thousands whom were eager to learn. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (peace be upon him) was said to have been high esteemed for his learning and eloquence as well as on account of his noble birth. According to Ibn Khalikan, the Imam received the title of Baqir (Splitter of knowledge) due to his ample knowledge of religion and his enthusiasm to teach others. Many historians like Yakubi asserts that the Imam split open knowledge, scrutinized it and examined the depths of it so that it can be spread to all people truly and correctly. There is no single doubt that imam Al-Baqir’s life was made difficult by the Umayyads. He suffered from their injustice from his birth until his martyrdom in which he was poisoned. The Imam listened to how they would curse his grandfather Imam Ali on rostrums by the command of the Umayyads. While he waited painfully , unable to prevent these attacks. Under these rough circumstances of severe injustice, he was still able to open the doors of knowledge by floodgates.